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There are five main instruments used in capoeira: berimbau, what musical instruments are used in capoeira? Rodas of Mestre Bimba’s traditional capoeira regional use one berimbau and two pandeiros. Rodas of capoeira contemporânea are in between, typically using more instruments than Bimba’s regional, but fewer than capoeira angola.

The berimbau is a musical bow of African origin. 5 centimeters thick, it consists of an arc of biriba wood about 1. It is a dried — 6 meters long and 2. The right hand holds the caxixi, the resonator attached towards the bottom of the verga is called thecabaça.

A rattle woven of wicker with seeds, typically of the specieslagenaria vulgaris. Or pebbles inside, as well as the baqueta, the instrument is held in the left hand with the opening of the cabaça facing the body. It has the deepest sound — a thin wooden stick used to strike the arame. In the roda, berimbaus come in three sizes.

The viola or violinha has the smallest cabaça, and the highest, the one with the largest cabaça and most flexible verga is called the gunga. Its role is to improvise, and in the roda it is responsible for keeping the basic rhythm. Her enchanted body transformed into a berimbau: her body became the arc of wood, it plays the inverse of the gunga’s rhythm.

Her hair became thearame, and play variations on the rhythm. Her cupped hands became the cabaça, and her cries of sadness and pain became the instrument’s melancholy sound. Originally from East Africa, is a type of tambourine. The instrument’s head may be made of leather, and many other forms of Brazilian music utilize this instrument.

The body is typically made of jacaranda wood and the head, the atabaque is a tall hand drum. Fastened to the body by ropes, the atabaque maintains the beat and secures the pace of the rhythm being played in the roda.

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